Shenley Road, Hemel Hempstead, Herts HP2 7JZ

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Holtsmere End Infant and Nursery School

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Happy learners. Aiming high.

What is Phonics?

Phonics is the beginning of reading. It is the systematic teaching of sounds. The aim is to teach children two main skills - blending and segmenting. Blending is when you put sounds together in order to read simple words. Segmenting is the opposite process. Phonemes are the sounds that letters make and Graphemes are what the letter actually looks like.

How is phonics taught?

The scheme we use is called Letters and Sounds. This scheme is broken up into phases. Phase 1 is generally taught in Nursery, phases 2, 3 and 4 in Reception, Year One carries on teaching phase 4 and introduces phase 5 and Year Two completes the programme with a recap on phase 5 and the introduction to phase 6. That does not mean that all children will learn at this rate. Some children will pick the sounds up quickly and others more slowly. The important thing to remember is that all children are individuals and learn at their own pace.

Phase 1 involves listening activities, stories, nursery rhymes and learning to hear words that rhyme. Children should be able to hear different sounds and identify words that start with the same sound in phase 1. At every opportunity, children should be encouraged to put sounds together e.g. 'time for b-e-d' 'what shall we p-l-ay'. This prepares them for phase 2.

Phase 2 introduces all the letter sounds, names and the correct way to write them. By the end of the phase, many children should be able to read some two and three letter words and spell them by using magnetic letters or by writing the letters on whiteboards. They will also learn some 'high frequency' (used most often) words that are readable by blending or are 'tricky' such as 'no' where 'o' makes an 'oh' sound. Sounds are learnt in a particular order. This order is: Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m d Set 3: g o c k Set 4: ck e u r Set 5: h b f/ff l/ll ss And in phase 3 Set 6: j v w x Set 7: y z/zz qu Set 8: ch sh th ng Set 9: ai ee oo oa Set 10: ar or igh ur Set 11: ow oi ear er Set 12: air ure Every letter will be introduced by showing a letter (grapheme) and then showing the children what sound it makes (phoneme). We have an action to go with each one as this helps children to remember them.

Children also learn the letter names and capital letter (upper case) version.

Phase 2 Phonics videos

Videos are uploaded in the order which they are taught

S

A

T

P

i

N

M

D

G

O

C

K

CK

E

U

R

H

B

F

FF

L

LL

SS

Phase 3 - COMING SOON

J

V

W

X

Y

Z

ZZ

QU

CH

SH

TH

NG

AI

EE

IGH

OA

LONG OO

SHORT OO

AR

OR

UR

OW

OI

EAR

AIR

URE

ER

Phase 5 - Videos are uploaded in the order which they are taught

AY

OU

IE

EA

OY

IR

UE

AW

WH

PH

EW

OE

AU

EY

A-E

E-E

I-E

O-E

U-E - 'YOO'

U-E - 'OO'